6 Steps To an “Organized” Emergency
“Organized emergency” can sound like an oxymoron, but if you follow these steps beforehand, you will be prepared if a critical event does arise.
The phrase “organized emergency” may sound like an oxymoron. Plenty of words come to mind when we think of emergencies, but “organized” is not typically one of them. For business emergencies though, it is critical that they are as organized as possible. To accomplish this, though, you need to know what steps to follow in an emergency.
When you are prepared, even an emergency can be orchestrated well enough to avoid chaos. One of the first things we’re told in a crisis is not to panic. Unfortunately, that’s exactly what many people do. Just saying “Remain calm!” is not enough–you need to be able to execute your emergency plan with a level of precision and decisiveness that tells your people that they can trust you and your preparedness.
Planning is critical. Practice is a must. An old military adage, often referred to as “The six P’s of Success,” is “Proper Prior Planning Prevents Poor Performance.” This can hold true for just about anything in life, including an emergency. The more you plan in advance, the more likely you will be able to withstand whatever comes your way.
Of course, we can’t predict, and therefore plan, for absolutely everything. Hurricane Katrina and 9/11 taught us that. But there are a few steps to follow in an emergency to put employees’ minds at ease. If you follow these steps before an emergency, you will be prepared to execute your plan if the situation ever does arise.
Step 1: Assess Your Risk
When designing an emergency plan, you have to know what you’re dealing with when it comes to your assets and what could potentially happen to them. Your assets are your people, first and foremost. Other assets may include your facilities, parts and products, intellectual property, technology, office furniture and supplies, and automobiles and/or fleet. All of these assets are at risk when an emergency arises.
What are the emergencies that are most likely to occur? IT outages, weather-related events, power failures, and natural disasters are the most common. But each location where your company operates, including home offices, may have its own variables and risks to assess. Consider the weather and geological events common in those areas, security and IT support in those facilities, the nearest emergency response organizations and hospitals, and the number of employees who may be affected.
Step 2: Survey the Work Environment
Each facility likely differs in design, evacuation routes, surrounding area, and even the demographics of the staff located in each building. Some locations may have handicapped employees, the elderly, or even children in an office daycare. Are there elevators or stairwells? Cubicles or remote rooms? An easy route for emergency vehicles? A staffed front reception desk or onsite warehouse? Are there any hazardous materials stored at any of the locations?
Each of these factors may come into play during an emergency. You should also understand what emergency resources are available in each location, such as overhead sprinkler systems, fire extinguishers, and defibrillators. In the event of an emergency, company leaders and first responders will want to know where these are located.
Step 3: Identify Leaders and Administrators
In an emergency, there needs to be leadership. Designate specific people in each facility to carry out different aspects of your plan and to keep people informed. You may want to identify multiple people on each floor or area of the building to ensure that no matter where employees are located at the time of the critical event, they have someone nearby who knows what to do.
Be sure every employee knows who these leaders and administrators are. Have a backup person named in case the designated one is absent. Equip this person with the technology they need to send and receive information.
Step 4: Choose an Emergency Notification System Vendor
Your chosen administrators and leaders need more than email or phone to reach every employee. A mass alert system will be able to distribute important information quickly to everyone or to a specific group of people. It is important that the software enables these admins to send and receive information across multiple communication channels–such as text, email, phone, social media, and app push. Depending on your employees’ workflow, you may also want to be able to use desktop takeover to relay time-sensitive emergency messages.
Ask your emergency notification system vendor if the product enables mapping and geofencing to give leaders and first responders an interactive view of people in relation to different threats. If a hurricane is threatening, you will want to see exactly which offices and which employees are going to be affected by the threat. Then you can tailor your message to people based in those different areas.
The most important feature, though, should be real-time communication. When seconds count, you want to be sure you have the latest information and can instantly and reliably send alerts and instructions to everyone involved.
Step 5: Design an “All-Hazards” Plan
A common pitfall of many emergency notification systems is that they are too specific. Most companies have regular fire drills, but fewer prepare for active shooters. And even fewer for something like a gas leak. While its good to prepare for specific contingencies, that’s not enough to prepare for the myriad of possible threats to business continuity. For that, you need an all-hazards plan.
Most emergencies can fall into one of four categories: weather or natural event; power or IT outage; security event; or health and safety incident. Your plan should be flexible enough to adapt to each of these different situations. In particular, design an “all-hazards” plan that specifically addresses these things that are likely to come into play in any emergency:
- Evacuation routes from building and general area
- Chain of command and contact details
- Nearest onsite resources
- Contact information for first responders
You can then determine “what if” scenarios that can include more specific instructions based on the risks you previously assessed. These may include “What if the power goes down and there is no way to use phones or computers?” or “What if the elevators and stairwells are unusable?”
Step 6: Practice the Plan
Once the plan is designed, it’s time to practice. The six P’s mentioned above should have a seventh “P” added: “PRACTICE.” Proper prior planning andpractice prevent poor performance. Every employee should be required to participate in regular emergency drills. We are all familiar with fire drills, but what do you do if there is a tornado or an IT outage? What happens when there is a workplace violence situation? Consider alternating the drills to include multiple scenarios.
Your employees may bemoan these drills, but when a critical event happens, they will be thanking you that they knew what to do, and they will be much less likely to panic. Remember, the goal is to avoid chaos and panic. The only real remedy is to have everyone fully aware of what they are to do in case of an emergency.
No matter the size of your organization, you and your employees deserve to work in a safe environment. While you may never need to trigger the emergency alarm, it’s nice to know that when it sounds, there will be order. Preparing on the front end and choosing the right emergency notification system vendor will increase the odds everyone will make it out just fine.